The Teatro alla Scala is built according to the recurrent scheme of many Italian theatres of the late 18th century, with a horseshoe layout, several tiers of boxes and dressing rooms: the layout of the spaces also takes particular account of the functions for which they were intended.
The most interesting aspect of Piermarini's work lies in the extreme rationality of the design: from the sound of the hall, to the complex stage equipment, to the reception rooms, to services such as lighting, heating and toilets.
The construction took two years, but the present appearance was achieved with the decorations of 1830. In 1814, the rooms adjoining the theatre were enlarged and the stage was extended towards the stalls with a proscenium, between two pairs of Corinthian columns, to allow the artists to be more visible to the audience and to fully enjoy the acoustics of the hall.
The importance of the theatre is due to its acoustics. When Giuseppe Piermarini built the majestic plaster vault on wooden ribs supported by roof trusses, he created a gap between it and the actual roof of the theatre. By mathematically calculating the dimensions of this empty space, he reproduced a sort of box like that of musical instruments, in which the sound waves circulate perfectly.
The external façade is naturally in neoclassical style, therefore very severe and linear; from the central body, a terrace portico supported by large pillars overlooks the square, above which there is an attic floor, ending with a tympanum supported by twin columns and pilasters.
Teatro alla Scala is located in the historic centre of Milan, in Piazza della Scala, opposite Palazzo Marino, the seat of the City Council. The main entrance to the theatre is in Piazza della Scala, but spectators with a gallery ticket must go to the entrance of the Museo Teatrale in Largo Ghiringhelli.
Find out how to reach us by public transport, car, train, etc:
Stop at MM1 Duomo (Red Line)
Stop at MM3 Montenapoleone (Yellow Line)
Line 61, stop via Verdi - via dell'Orso
Tram n° 1, stop via Manzoni - piazza della Scala
Tram n° 2, stop via Manzoni - piazza della Scala
Central Station (MM3 connection - Montenapoleone stop)
Cadorna Station (MM1 connection - Cordusio or Duomo stop)
Stop no.100 (Palazzo Marino/SCALA)
Stop no.1 (Duomo)
Guarded car parks:
Via Agnello (Rinascente car park)
Piazza Diaz (underground car park)
Disabled parking spaces:
Please note: the car parks are not for the exclusive use of theatre-goers.
Piazza della Scala (Via Case Rotte)
Piazza del Duomo
Also this summer the Theatre Museum alla Scala offers the possibility to participate in organised visits to the theatre.
From 16 July to 20 August inclusive, it is possible to take part every day except 15 and 17 August, when the Museum will be closed to the public.
The visits are organised as follows:
- 10.30 a.m. visit in French
- 2.30 p.m. visit in English
- 4 p.m. visit in Italian
For more information visit http://www.museoscala.org/
on Google Arts & Cultures
The theatre offers a wide range of services for all performances, subject to availability:
- 3 stalls seats, with accompanying persons, for wheelchair users;
- 1 seat in the stalls, with accompanying person, for walking disabled.
The Theatre reserves the right, in exceptional cases, to change the number of seats available for artistic reasons.
Access to the stalls is facilitated by special slides. The stalls also have a bathroom for the disabled.
For safety reasons, wheelchairs are not allowed in the boxes and galleries.